Did you know that?
The Puig de Castellet Iberian settlement is situated on a spur located on the western slope of Puig de Rossell at an altitude of 197 metres on a small flat area close to the summit. Its strategic location made it a vantage point with a commanding view of the coast from the Tordera Estuary to Lloret Beach and of the entire surrounding plain. It also had a direct view of the Iberian settlements of Montbarbat, Turó Rodó and Turó de Sant Joan in Blanes.
The Iberian world in Lloret de Mar
There are three Iberian settlements in Lloret de Mar: Montbarbat, Puig de Castellet and Turó Rodó, dating from as far back as the 4th century BC (Montbarbat) to as late as the 2nd century BC (Turó Rodó). By the time of the 1st century BC, the Iberian world had been swept away by the expansion of the Roman Empire.
Puig de Castellet, coastal fortress of the Indigetes
The Iberians, who were the indigenous inhabitants of the Iberian Peninsula, were organised into territorial tribes: Laietani, Cessetani, Ilercavones, Ilergetes, Ausetani and Indigetes. The Indigetes inhabited the Puig de Castellet settlement. This settlement, dating from the 3rd century BC, is situated 2 kilometres away from Lloret de Mar town centre in a strategic spot with an excellent vantage point overlooking the area stretching from the Tordera Estuary to the Lloret coast. It is a small 650 m2 enclosure composed of around six dwellings. The settlement was fortified with a thick wall and defence towers during a turbulent period of history that shook the Mediterranean region from 264 BC to 146 BC: the Punic Wars. The strengthening of the enclosure wall dates back to the 3rd century BC, coinciding with the period of Carthaginian rule. As such, this settlement was active for around 50 years between 250 BC and 200 BC, at which point it was abandoned. The excavations, now fully completed, have been carried out in various stages: the first from 1968 to 1969, the second from 1970 to 1972 and the third and final stage from 1975 to 1986. A significant amount of archaeological material has been unearthed during the excavations, mostly locally produced ceramics but also Attic ceramics imported from various places, including Italy, Greece and Rhode (Roses). The Puig de Castellet settlement has been incorporated in the Route of the Iberians, created by the Archaeology Museum of Catalonia and for which Lloret de Mar Town Council has carried out the necessary site adaptations.
What was an Iberian house like?
Spaces that were used as dwellings and in which domestic and work activities were carried out have been classified as houses. The walls were composed of two parts: foundations and base. The rest of the wall was made of clay, but this part has not been preserved. The roofs were composed of a wooden framework covered with plant materials and a layer of beaten earth. Iberian houses had two or three rooms. The main room was generally used for domestic activities, while the back room was for work activities. The archaeological remains found in the various spaces have enabled the archaeologists to determine their various functions.